History of Tasmania

Tasmania is a class apart with green landscapes, lush mountains, temperate climate and beautiful islands. The beautiful seaside villages and towns that ooze a historic vibe, makes it even more amazing. The island of Tasmania is deep rooted in history with an origin that dates back to tens of thousands of years. Let’s see some interesting snippets from the history of Tasmania.

Early History

About 35,000 years ago, during the grip of ice age, Tasmania was joined with mainland Australia. The indigenous people of Tasmania travelled on foot during that period. About 12,000 years ago, as the sea level rose, Bass Strait was formed, thus separating Tasmania from the Australian mainland.

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European Discovery

The European contribution to the history of Tasmania is integral as it played a major part in shaping the island that we see today. The first European to visit Tasmania is Abel Tasman, in 1642, who named it Van Diemen’s Land. The island was renamed as Tasmania in 1856. The first European settlement in Tasmania was on the eastern bank of River Derwent.

Indigenous History

The indigenous population of Tasmania known as the Tasmanian aborigines were known to have lived in the island at least 35,000 years ago. At the time of occupation by the Europeans, in 1803, the population was known to be around 8,000. The population dwindled because of warfare between the aborigines and the Europeans. This was mainly during the Black War that happened in 1820 and also because of the diseases that were being spread by the Europeans. By 1847, a community was formed in Tasmania with a culture and lifestyle that has been influenced from both the Aborigines and Europeans. At present, thousands of people from this community still exist in Tasmania.

Tasmania

Tasmania at Present

Currently, the island state of Tasmania is an integral part of Australia, with a population of around 500,000. Tasmania is the 26th largest island in the world. There are 334 islands that surround the main island. The rich history of Tasmania can be experienced by its uniqueness that makes it a class apart from the rest of the world.